A Rich Poster Session
More than 50 posters representing research projects in Asia Pacific were evaluated. Subjects varied from Building social capital through productive aging in Hong Kong, Redesigning communities for an aged society (Tokyo), Lessons from a community project in Indonesia, Senior tourism and gamification in Korea, The meaning and contribution of friendship to happiness and health, in Indonesia. See the names and subjects of the five prize winners below.
Welcome to Fukuoka! Mr. Soichiro Takashima, Mayor of the City
2015 was a milestone year for Fukuoka, Japan’s 5th largest city and traditional gateway to Asia Pacific. All baby boomers born between 1947 and 1949 had turned 65. It is one of the major issues of Japan to accommodate the needs of a super aging society by 2025 when these baby boomers will be 75 and over. The city has set three targets: to become an ageless society, to bring out the vigor of communities and the private sector and to serve as a model for other Asian cities in the field of social welfare.
Assume you’ll live to 100 – Dr. Kathryn Braun, President of ACAP and Professor and Director, Office of Public Health, at Hawaii University
ACAP is a forum for achieving active aging. First, individuals must assume that they will live to 100, and they must do their best to stay healthy. At the same time, social policy must promote the health, education and engagement of citizens. Communities must be age friendly, and government should support home and community based care over institutional care.
Convert our minds – Professor Takeo Ogawa, Founder of ACAP
Active Aging is not only an individual practice but also social reform. The age structure in all societies is changing. We need to convert our minds to cope with this reality, apply new technologies; share knowledge and skills for long term care and turn all communities into age friendly environments.
Prof. Takeao Ogawa (left) founded ACAP. He is Professor Emeritus, Kyushu University & Yamaguchi University. He is President of (NPO) Asian Aging Project Business Center and Project Researcher, Fukuoka Asian Urban Research Center.
Frugal Innovation – Mr. Alex Ross, Director, WHO Center for Health and Development in Kobe, Japan
A life course perspective recognizes that older people are not one homogenous group and that diversity tends to increase with age. Interventions that create supportive environments and foster healthy choices are important at all stages of life. The six key concepts being promoted by the World Health Organization are: understanding the need, combatting ageism, concentrating on functional capacity with a life course approach, transforming health and social systems to see aging as a dynamic process, universal health coverage, and finally measuring progress and learning.
He made a plea in favor of “frugal innovation” with regard to technology, putting the accent on the importance of community building.
Fukuoka city, a role model – Mr. Takuya Nakamura, Executive Director of the Elderly Affairs Department, Public Health & Welfare Bureau, Fukuoka City
Fukuoka, fifth largest city in Japan, in contrast to other urban centers, has a growing population. It is ranked 12th on a scale of 25 most liveable cities in the world. It is Japan’s gateway to Asia Pacific and aims to be a regional role model of what an age friendly city should be like.
Solo seniors – Mr. Byung-Jin Lee, Director General of the Social Welfare Bureau of the Busan Metropolitan City, Korea
The two biggest problems facing Busan, are solo seniors – 30 000 are men and 90 000 women – and low-income groups.
Redwood tree metaphor – Ms. Barbara Ann Yamashita, Deputy Director, Department of Community Service, City and County of Honolulu
Young redwood trees connect to the roots of mature trees to grow. This is the metaphor used by Kaiser Permanente for its five-stage strategy: purpose, interactions favoring aging in community over aging in place, families and friends, financial issues, and life planning.
Digital aging in Korea – Dr. Donghee Han, Director, Research Institute of Science for the Better Living of the Elderly (RISBLE)
ACAP strives to empower older adults to maintain their physical, social, civic, economic and environmental fitness to continue to live meaningful lives and ICT and relevant technology are essential tools to achieve this. Bridging the digital divide is a very important issue. The field is vast and ranges from promoting the use of smart technology gadgets, to improving health care services, social participation, leisure, education and an age friendly society.
Watch over each other – Mr. Shigeki Kawamori, NTT Data Corporation, Manager e-Community Division, part-time lecturer at Rikkyo University and part-time director of the Japan Institute of Social Services and Informatics.
In 9 years, one in three people will be over 65 in Japan. Mutual support in the local community is expected to decline due to the decrease in population and urbanization. Fukuoka is responding to this challenge by experimenting with an ICT utilization model for a community-based integrated care system called “watch over each other.” This initiative links various social resources in the community, for sharing and utilizing information.
IT builds a community based care system – Ms. Miyuki Maeda, Chief Consultant to the Promotion Support Center, Government & Public Corporation Information Systems Division
Fukuoka city is developing an ITC platform for community-based care system that supports three principles the city sees as being vital to cope with its rapid aging. They are transformation to home medical care, community-based care in collaboration with medical professionals and, lastly, combining care service from both the public and private sectors.
Mobile Tele-medical check up – Dr. Yasunobu Nohara, Assistant Research Professor at the Medical Information Center, Kyushu University Hospital
Successful field testing of e-health check-ups for preventive medicine in 10 rural areas of Bangladesh over two years will lead to the progressive introduction of this method. Measurement results are sent electronically to a PC tablet and categorized in terms of international diagnostic standards into 4 grades: healthy (green), caution (yellow), affected (orange) and emergent (red). The orange and red categories are followed up by means of tele-consultations and tele-prescriptions as required. This is seen as a cost-effective method using a predictor to ensure sustainability for the program in developing countries.
Long term care for Aging in Community – Dr. Tri Budi Rahardjo, Professor in Dentistry and Gerontology at the University of Indonesia, post doctorate on gerontology, Oxford University
Japan, Korea and Indonesia are collaborating to develop harmonized training for long-term caregivers. The WHO definition of long-term care forms the guiding lines: LTC is a system of activities undertaken by informal caregivers, or by professionals to ensure that a person who is not fully capable of self-care can maintain the highest possible quality of life, according to his or her preferences, with the greatest possible degree of independence, autonomy, participation, personal fulfillment and humanity.
Migrant care workers in a super-aging society – Dr. Reiko Ogawa, Associate Professor, graduate school of social and cultural studies, Kyushu University
With the increasing aging population and the transformation of families in Asia, migrant care workers are introduced in a variety of ways to the developed countries. In contrast to nursing which has followed this pattern since the 19th century, care work is a new occupation with ambiguous job descriptions and expertise. Dr Ogawa explains how migrants are introduced into Japanese care facilities and discusses the migrants’ background and the responses from the host society.
Korea’s experience in long-term care – Dr Sunwoo Duk, Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs in South Korea
A long-term care insurance was introduced in Korea in 2008 and since then, qualified beneficiaries representing 7% of the total 65+ population have used the system. However, problems exist in supplying good quality care, skilled care workers and a continuum between medical and social care services. Professional care workers – called yo-yang-bo-ho-sa – qualify after completing a 240-hour curriculum. However, wages are low and only 20-30% of the qualified certificate holders are actually employed as care workers. There is a sore need for a cost-efficient community-based care management system.
Spring-Winter, an intergenerational approach – Dr. Leng Leng Thang, a Socio-cultural Anthropologist whose research focus is on aging, intergenerational approaches and relationships, gender and family. She is co-editor in chief of the Journal of Intergenerational Relationships (Taylor and Francis, USA)
One of the key objectives of the Singapore Action Plan for Successful Aging (2015) is fostering intergenerational harmony at the community level. Dr Tang suggests that instead of being worried that emphasis on empowering older persons may divide the generations, a vision of an intergenerational approach focusing on intergenerational understanding and cooperation will provide a new perspective to community building and lead to the empowerment of all ages. A community center called Spring-Winter embodies this principle.
Building social capital, the Hong Kong experience – Prof. Teresa Tsien, Professor of Practice of the Department of Applied Social Sciences and Consultant to the Institute of Active Aging (IAA), Hong Kong Polytechnic University
By 2050, Hong Kong is forecast to rank 5th in the world for cities with the largest percentage of older adults. The baby boomers will be healthier, more energetic and better educated, fully capable of making further contributions to the community as an expanding pool of human capital. The IAA provides a multi-disciplinary education, innovative research and evidence-based practice center which aims to optimize independent and joyous living and continuous productive contributions by people 50+. The IAA has developed a unique model empowering older adults through productive aging in three activities: lifelong learning, volunteer work and encore careers.
Keiki – Kupuna in Honolulu – Dr. Christy Nishita, Interim Director at the University of Hawaii, Center on Aging, and Lead Consultant for the Honolulu Age-Friendly City Initiative
Honolulu is engaging in a city-wide effort to become more “age friendly,” emphasizing active aging, civic engagement and health promotion and prevention. A key theme within the action plan is intergenerational connection, meaning that an age friendly city would benefit citizens throughout their lifespan.
With no precedent, it is urgent to assess and research – Dr. Hiroko Akiyama, a Social Psychologist and Professor at the Institute of Gerontology, University of Tokyo, which she started in 2006. She earned her PhD in psychology from the University of Illinois.
Japan has the greatest longevity of any country in the world. To confront this reality, RISTEX, a government funded agency, set up the “redesigning communities for an aged society” R&D program. Fifteen funded projects addressing a wide variety of issues including a new career model for seniors, age friendly farming, aging in place with ICT, prevention of frailty and end of life decision-making. A resource center to share ideas, knowledge and skills for solving social problems in an aged society is planned. It is intended to be a network hub.
Visit ACAP’s Facebook Page to stay informed of upcoming events and topics of interest.
The Five Poster Prize Winners
Kaysorn Sumpowthong and Srimuang Palangrit from Thailand
The development of quality of life amoung the elderly utilizing the concept of sufficiency economy and community participation, Pathum Thani Province
Daisuke Watanabe from Japan
Local health promoted group activities and active aging: A case of “Genki Station” in Yokohama
Yu Min Lee and Moon Choi from Korea
Lonely Death in South Korea: A News Media Analysis
Teresa Tsien, Alma Au, Jackie Kwok, Yip Ho Ming, Anita Leung, Daniel Lai, Simon Chan, Kurt Nan, Karmela Leung, and Eddie Lai from Hong Kong
Age Friendly City: Preliminary Findings in Hong Kong
Nurminingsih, Ign. A. Wirawan Nugrohadi, and Arif Haryana from Indonesia
Elderly empowerment through small and medium enterprises waste plastics crafting at Bambuapus, East Jakarta